How fingerprint readers work
The user sees
You register your fingerprint using the built in reader and it saves it as your password. Next time you go to login you choose your username, swipe your finger and the PC verifies it against the one you scanned last time. If it matches then the computer logs you in.
What actually happens
- You open up the fingerprint reader application on your laptop, it adds hooks into the Windows login system (Credential Providers).
- You scan in one or more fingers and register them to your account.
- The application stores the fingerprints for later use, some will even store them unencrypted.
- When the user goes to login next time they select their username and scans a finger.
- The fingerprint reader takes the scan and compares it to the previous scan
- If the scan matches one of the stored scans then the user is authenticated
Why its not secure
How often do you write down your password? If you do where would you leave it? Now think about your fingerprint. Where would you leave your fingerprint? In general people don’t constantly where gloves and end up leaving fingerprints all over the place, on glasses, door handles, keyboards, touch screens and mobiles. It is a little bit harder to copy a fingerprint but security by obscurity is not an excuse. So it can be argued that a password is more secure (in that its harder to obtain) than a fingerprint.
Most fingerprint authentications allow you to use either your fingerprint, or your password. This effectively doubles the possible attack vectors for trying to get into the system. A malicious attacker can now either use a dictionary attack against your password, a fingerprint based attack against the fingerprint reader, or look for holes in either system.
Why it may actually endanger you
Do you know how the fingerprint reader is storing your fingerprints? Is it storing them as bitmaps, as a collection of swirls and whorls or as a md5 hash or some key identifiable features? If you can’t answer that question with 100% certainty then you should be concerned. If someone managed to hack your machine and retrieve bitmaps of your fingerprints then they could use them to open any other fingerprint locks you have, or implicate you in a crime.
Finally if someone is determined enough to break a law to hack your computer they could simply cut off your fingers to gain access to your PC. Of course if the fingerprint sensor has a warmth sensor they might need to microwave them first. I would hope though that you keep something that sensitive or valuable under all sorts on encryption and armed guards.
Don’t rely on fingerprint readers for added security, that is quite simply not the case. Fingerprint readers are primarily for convenience, and they could put your security and your wellbeing in danger.
Random Thought: What is this obsession with altering perfectly fine machines to remove an component that never bothers anyone? Dyson has the bladeless fan, and recently we’re seeing the spokeless bike. Have you ever looked at a fan and said: “Those blades really make that fan so annoying!”?