SystemTap is the Linux analogy to Solaris DTrace and is similar to the strace command, only much much more powerful. It effectively lets you set breakpoints in the kernel to monitor what your applications are doing. For example if I was worried that some application I’d written was polling way too often, I could ask SystemTap to output the number of times my application calls poll() or select().
To use SystemTap first you write a simple script, or borrow one from someone else. On a Fedora system you’ll fine some sample scripts in /usr/share/doc/systemtap-0.9.8/examples provided you have SystemTap installed. You then run the stap; command. The stap command immediately begins parsing the scipt looking for any tapsets that your script uses and if it does it includes them. It then converts your script into C code and compiles it into a kernel module. This kernel module is inserted into the running kernel and stap attaches to it. The kernel module stays in the kernel until it is cancelled by the user, it reaches an exit function or it encounters too many errors.
While SystemTap can be used to simply dump loads of data about what an application is doing in kernel space that is not its purpose. SystemTap scripts are able to drill down, extract, process and format the data its gathering. For example if you were trying to find out what files a process was writing to your disks could just output every single write call and print it out, or you could keep the statistics and every ten seconds print the top ten files written to. SystemTap is designed to help you filter out all the noise and monitor only what you want to monitor.
The simple way to get started with SystemTap is to download the Beginners guide or the Tutorial. On Fedora systems when you install SystemTap you’ll find the tutorial at /usr/share/doc/systemtap-0.9.8/tutorial.pdf. SystemTap skills are handy for system administrators and developers, so if you fit into those categories I’d highly recommend you check it out.
Random Thought: Where does /dev/zero come from and where does /dev/null go? What happens if you pipe /dev/zero to /dev/null?